Chorioretinitis is an inflammation of the choroid, which is a lining of the retina deep in the eye. This inflammation can affect vision.
Anatomy of the Eye
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Chorioretinitis may be caused by infection or by autoimmune diseases.
It is sometimes caused by an infection that you had when you were young, although the symptoms may not appear for 10 to 20 years.
Factors that may increase your chance of chorioretinitis:
Chorioretinitis may cause:
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
To prepare for a complete eye exam, drops may be put in your eyes to numb them and to dilate your pupils. The slit lamp, a special microscope to examine the eye, will focus a high powered beam of light into your eye to examine the cornea and other eye structures. The doctor may measure the pressure in your eyes.
Your bodily fluids may be tested. This can be done with blood tests.
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you.
Medications may vary depending on the cause. Other causes will also need to be treated.
Chorioretinitis may be treated with:
American Optometric Association
Eye Smart—American Academpy of Ophthalmology
Canadian Ophthalmological Society
Figueroa BG, Navas MP, et al. Value of PCR for detection of Toxoplasma gondii in aqueous humor and blood samples from immunocompetent patients with ocular toxoplasmosis. J Clin Microbiol. 1999;37(11):3465-3468.
Lanzafame M, Trevenzoli M, et al. Clinical picture: Tuberculous chorioretinitis. Lancet. 2001;357(9266):1390.
Yang MB. Patient complains of blurry vision in right eye for 2 weeks. Ophthalmology Times. 1997;22(12):18-20.
1/28/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Berrébi A, Assouline C, et al. Long-term outcome of children with congenital toxoplasmosis. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2010;203(6):552.e1-e6.
Last reviewed December 2014 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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