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Chlamydia is cured with antibiotics. It is important to follow treatment guidelines to make sure the infection has been cleared:

  • Both you and your partner need to be treated. If your partner is infected or exposed you will become reinfected.
  • Wait at least 7 days before you have sex again.
  • All of the medication must be taken as directed.
  • Return to your doctor for retesting to make sure the infection is gone.

If your partner refuses to get medical attention, your doctor may be able to prescribe medication for them. This way your partner can be treated without needing to seek medical attention.

Reinfection is common. If you still have symptoms after the medication is finished, you may need to be tested again, generally within a few weeks. Even if your symptoms disappear, you are encouraged to return 3 months after treatment is completed to be retested. Pregnant women should return for follow-up testing at 3 weeks and 3 months after medications are completed.

Treatment for chlamydia involves:

Medications
Lifestyle changes

References

Chlamydia—CDC fact sheet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/STDFact-chlamydia-detailed.htm. Updated January 7, 2014. Accessed July 31, 2014.

Chlamydia genital infection. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 30, 2014. Accessed July 31, 2014.

Mishori R, McClaskey, EL, et al. Chlamydia trachomatis infections: Screening, diagnosis, and management. Am Fam Physician. 2012;86(12):1127-1132.

Workowski KA, Berman S, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010. MMWR. 2010;59(No. RR-12):1-110.



Last reviewed May 2014 by David Horn, MD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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