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Any person who is sexually active can be infected with chlamydia. Abstaining from oral, vaginal, and anal sex is the most assured way to remain uninfected. However, if you are sexually active, there are steps you can take to help reduce your risk of chlamydia.

  • Have a mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner.
  • Always use a latex condom during all sexual activity. Proper and consistent use of condoms is important in order for them to be effective.
  • Get recommended screening tests, especially if you are under the age of 25, or are not in a monogamous relationship.
  • Avoid risky behaviors, such as unprotected or anonymous sex
  • Know your status and your partner's. Openly discuss sexually transmitted diseases (STD)s.
  • Talk to your doctor about your risk factors and any concerns you have about STDs.

Don't let the cost of healthcare deter you from knowing your status. Many local clinics and health facilities offer free screening tests.

References

Chlamydia—CDC fact sheet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/STDFact-chlamydia-detailed.htm. Updated January 7, 2014. Accessed July 31, 2014.

Chlamydia genital infection. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 30, 2014. Accessed July 31, 2014.

Mishori R, McClaskey, EL, et al. Chlamydia trachomatis infections: Screening, diagnosis, and management. Am Fam Physician. 2012;86(12):1127-1132.

Workowski KA, Berman S, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010. MMWR. 2010;59(No. RR-12):1-110.



Last reviewed May 2014 by David Horn, MD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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