Quadriceps strain is a partial tear of the small fibers of the muscles that make up the quadriceps group. The quadriceps are the large group of muscles in the front of the thigh. They consist of four muscles in each leg that run from the hips to the knees.
The Quadriceps Muscles
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
A quadriceps strain can be caused by:
A risk factor is something that increases your chance of getting a disease, condition, or injury. Risk factors include:
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, your recent physical activity, and how the injury occurred. He or she will also examine your thighs for:
Muscle strains are graded according to their severity:
For severe quadriceps strains, you may have an MRI or an ultrasound. These tests determine if the tearing requires surgical repair. Sometimes athletes need these tests to help predict the length of their recovery.
Treatment depends on the severity of the strain.
Treatment usually includes:
If you are diagnosed with a strained quadriceps, follow your doctor's instructions.
To reduce the chance that you will strain your quadriceps:
American Academy of Family Physicians
American Council on Exercise
The College of Family Physicians of Canada
Canadian Physiotherapy Association
American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine. Available at: http://www.sportsmed.org. Accessed July 15, 2009.
Deleget A. Overview of thigh injuries in dance. J Dance Med Sci. 2010;14(3):97-102.
Douis H, Gillett M, et al. Imaging in the diagnosis, prognostication, and management of lower limb muscle injury. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2011;15(1):27-41.
Garrett WE, Kirkendall DT. Exercise and Sports Sciences. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2000.
Muscle strains in the thigh. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Available at: http://www.aaos.org. Updated August 2007. Accessed July 15, 2009.
Nicholas Institute of Sports Medicine and Athletic Trauma. Available at: http://www.nismat.org. Accessed July 15, 2009.
Renstrom P. Sports Injuries: Basic Principles of Prevention and Care. Boston, MA: Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1993.
10/26/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us: Massey T, Derry S, Moore R, McQuay H. Topical NSAIDs for acute pain in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;(6):CD007402.
Last reviewed September 2012 by Kari Kassir, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © 2012 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.
What can we help you find?close ×