Osgood-Schlatter disease is inflammation of the bone and surrounding soft tissue just below the knee. It occurs at the point where the shinbone attaches to the tendon of the kneecap.
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Osgood-Schlatter disease is caused by repeated tension or stress on the upper part of the shinbone during growth spurts.
Osgood-Schlatter disease is more common in males and in children 10 to 18 years of age.
Factors that may increase your risk of getting this condition include:
Osgood-Schlatter disease may cause:
You will be asked about your symptoms, medical history, and physical activity. An examination of your knee will be done.
Images may be taken of your bodily structures. This can be done with:
Osgood-Schlatter disease may go away when the bones and tendons have finished growing. The bump may be permanent.
Treatment may include:
The area will need time to heal:
Physical therapy may be needed to strengthen the affected muscles.
Pain and swelling may be relieved with:
Note : Aspirin is not recommended for children with a current or recent viral infection. Check with your doctor before giving your child aspirin.
If the patellar tendon has pulled away from the shinbone, surgery may be needed to repair the tendon and remove fragments of bone. In most cases, surgery is not needed.
To prevent the occurrence or recurrence of Osgood-Schlatter disease:
Family Doctor— American Academy of Family Physicians
Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Canadian Orthopaedic Association
Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation
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Nakase J, Goshima K, Numata H, Oshima T, Takata Y, Tsuchiya H. Precise risk factors for Osgood-Schlatter disease. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2015;135(9):1277-1281.
Osgood-Schlatter disease. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115095/Osgood-Schlatter-disease. Updated September 15, 2016. Accessed September 26, 2016.
Overuse injuries in children. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00613. Updated December 2012. Accessed June 2, 2016.
Pihlajamäki HK, Visuri TI. Long-term outcome after surgical treatment of unresolved Osgood-Schlatter disease in young men: surgical technique. J Bone Joint Surg A . 2010;92: Suppl 1 Pt 2:258-264.
10/5/2016 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115095/Osgood-Schlatter-disease: Brenner JS. Council on Sports Medicine and Fitness. Sports specialization and intensive training in young athletes. Pediatrics. 2016;138(3) [Epub ahead of print].
Last reviewed June 2016 by Laura Lei-Rivera, PT, DPT, GCS
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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