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El propósito de los exámenes de detección es el diagnóstico y tratamiento oportunos.

Pautas para la detección

Organizaciones tales como la Iniciativa Global para la Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica (GOLD, Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease), la Fuerza de Tarea de Servicios Preventivos de los Estados Unidos (USPSTF, United States Preventive Services Task Force), el Colegio Americano de Médicos (ACP, American College of Physicians), el Colegio Americano de Médicos Torácicos (ACCP, American College of Chest Physicians), la Sociedad Torácica Americana (ATS, American Thoracic Society) y la Sociedad Respiratoria Europea (ERS, European Respiratory Society) no recomiendan las pruebas de detección en personas que no presentan síntomas.

Sin embargo, si una persona presenta síntomas de EPOC, el médico realizará pruebas tales como la espirometría para detectar si padece esta condición.

References:

About COPD. American Lung Association website. Available at: http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/copd/about-copd. Accessed March 29, 2013.

Calonge N, Petitti DB, DeWitt TG, et al. Screening for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease using spirometry: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Ann Intern Med. 2008;148(7):529-534.

COPD. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated March 5, 2013. Accessed March 29, 2013.

Explore COPD National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/copd. Updated June 8, 2012. Accessed March 29, 2013.

Global strategy for the diagnosis, management, and prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease. Available at: http://www.goldcopd.org/uploads/users/files/GOLD_Report_2013_Feb20.pdf. Updated February 20, 2013. Accessed March 29, 2013.

Qaseem A, Wilt TJ, et al; Diagnosis and management of stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a clinical practice guideline update from the American College of Physicians, American College of Chest Physicians, American Thoracic Society, and European Respiratory Society. Ann Intern Med. 2011;155(3):179-191.

What you can do about a lung disease called COPD. Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease website. Available at: http://www.goldcopd.org/uploads/users/files/GOLD_Patient_RevJan10.pdf. Accessed March 29, 2013.



Last reviewed February 2013 by Brian Randall, MD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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