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Treatment aims to decrease the amount of virus in the body and keep the immune system as healthy as possible to prevent infections and cancers. Treatment for HIV may involve the following:

Lifestyle changes
Other treatments
Alternative and complementary treatments

Surgical procedures are sometimes combined with medical therapy for the treatment of various infections and cancers associated with AIDS.


A guide to primary care of people with HIV/AIDS. National Institute of Health and Human Services website. Available at: Accessed May 15, 2013.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines, 2010. MMWR. 2010;59(No. RR-12):1-110.

HIV/AIDS. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: Accessed May 15, 2013.

HIV/AIDS. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease website. Available at: Accessed May 15, 2013.

HIV infection. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated May 7, 2013. Accessed May 15, 2013.

Last reviewed September 2015 by David L. Horn, MD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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