There are many types of allergens, but it is nearly impossible to eliminate all allergens from your environment. However, there are certain things you can do to help reduce allergens and minimize your exposure to allergy triggers. While avoiding the allergens may eliminate your symptoms, it will not eliminate or reduce your sensitivity to that allergen, and symptoms will reoccur whenever you are re-exposed.
The primary indoor allergens are waste products from microscopic organisms called dust mites. Dust mites are especially prevalent in bedding, curtains, and carpeting.
To control dust mites:
It is not animal fur that causes allergies, but a protein that exists in the saliva, urine, and skin flakes (dander) of animals. If you have a pet allergy, you may need to take certain steps to minimize contact with your pet's saliva, urine, and skin flakes.
Be aware that you may have to remove your pet from your home if you or a family member is severely allergic.
Studies have shown that people who live in environments that contain cockroaches and mice have a higher incidence of asthma and allergies. If pests are a chronic problem in your home, consider hiring an exterminator.
Other tips to diminish pest infestation include:
The spores of molds and fungi that thrive in warm, moist, and humid areas can create allergic reactions. To reduce indoor molds and fungi:
Air irritants and pollutants can trigger an allergic reaction. You can do the following to help reduce your exposure to airborne irritants:
Nearly all allergens thrive in moist, damp, or dirty environments. One of the most effective ways to reduce the risk of allergic rhinitis is to maintain a clean, dry environment. The following will help:
If you have allergies to pollens, molds, or other outdoor allergens:
When to Contact Your Doctor
If your symptoms are not controlled or become severe despite lifestyle changes and over-the-counter allergy medications, contact your doctor for further care.
Allergic Rhinitis. American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology website. Available at: http://acaai.org/allergies/types/hay-fever-rhinitis. Accessed September 15, 2016.
Allergic rhinitis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T116217/Allergic-rhinitis. Updated July 22, 2016. Accessed September 15, 2016.
Last reviewed September 2016 by Marcin Chwistek, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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