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You and your doctor will create an asthma action plan. This is a plan you will follow to help control your asthma and handle asthma attacks. Medications and lifestyle changes are the mainstay of asthma treatment. Alternative and complementary therapies are also under investigation to determine whether they may play a role in treatment, as well.

The goals of treatment are:

  • Relieve acute symptoms and prevent complications, such as infections
  • Reduce underlying inflammation
  • Remove or control triggers
  • Prevent future exacerbations
  • Not to let asthma interfer with your life

Treatment involves the following:

Lifestyle changes
Medications
Other treatments
Alternative and complementary treatments

At this time, there are no surgical procedures for the treatment of asthma.

When to Contact Your Doctor

Stay in contact with your doctor between visits, especially if your symptoms are changing. Whether you stay in contact over the phone, through email, or through your doctor's website, good communication can help you stay out of the hospital and have better control of your asthma.

If you are having a mild to moderate asthma attack and your medication does not work in the time it is supposed to, call your doctor. If you are having a severe asthma attack, take your asthma medication and get emergency medical help right away.

References:

Asthma in adults and adolescents. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114449/Asthma-in-adults-and-adolescents. Updated February 22, 2017. Accessed September 8, 2017.

Asthma in children. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T500326/Asthma-in-children. Updated April 6, 2017. Accessed September 8, 2017.

Asthma exacerbation in adults and adolescents. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114076/Asthma-exacerbation-in-adults-and-adolescents. Updated January 13, 2017. Accessed September 8, 2017.

Asthma exacerbation in children. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T241915/Asthma-exacerbation-in-children. Updated January 5, 2017. Accessed September 8, 2017.

Asthma. American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology website. Available at: http://www.aaaai.org/conditions-and-treatments/asthma.aspx. Accessed September 8, 2017.

Asthma treatment. Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America website. Available at: http://www.aafa.org/page/asthma-treatment.aspx. Updated October 2015. Accessed September 8, 2017.

How is asthma treated. American Lung Association website. Available at: http://www.lung.org/lung-health-and-diseases/lung-disease-lookup/asthma/diagnosing-treating-asthma/how-is-asthma-treated.html. Accessed September 8, 2017.



Last reviewed September 2016 by Michael Woods, MD, FAAP

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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