Because prostate enlargement occurs naturally with advancing age, and because there are no known controllable risk factors, there are no guidelines for prevention. Prostate enlargement is more common in men with obesity and low HDL cholesterol levels. Some research shows that factors like a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy weight, regular exercise, and not smoking may help.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T116944/Benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-BPH. Updated July 28, 2016. Accessed October 3, 2016.
Gacci M, Corona G, et al. Metabolic syndrome and benign prostatic enlargement: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BJU Int. 2015 Jan;115(1):24-31.
McClure MW. An overview of holistic medicine and complementary and alternative medicine for the prevention and treatment of BPH, prostatitis, and prostate cancer. World J Urol. (2002) 20: 273-284.
Last reviewed September 2016 by Adrienne Carmack, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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