In mild cases of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), no treatment is necessary. In many cases, men with BPH eventually request medical intervention. The goals of treatment are to allow urine to pass easily, to prevent urine retention, and to reduce the risk of urinary infection .
The treatment and management of BPH may involve medication or surgery. Medication, which is used for less advanced cases, may either relax the bladder outlet valve or shrink the prostate by hormonal manipulation. Surgery removes the obstruction. There are several methods available.
Treatment involves the following:
American Urological Association. Guideline on the management of benign prostatic hyperplasia. American Urological Association website. Available at: http://www.auanet.org/. Updated 2006. Accessed July 26, 2010.
American Urological Association Practice Guidelines Committee. AUA guideline on management of benign prostatic hyperplasia. J Urol. 2003;170:530-547.
Burnett AL, Wein AJ. Benign prostatic hyperplasia in primary care: what you need to know. J Urol. 2006;175:S19-24.
Dull, P, Reagan RW Jr, et al. Managing benign prostatic hyperplasia. Am Fam Physician. 2002;66:87-88.
Last reviewed September 2014 by Adrienne Carmack, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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