The purpose of screening is early diagnosis and treatment. Screening tests are usually administered to people without current symptoms, but who may be at high risk for certain diseases or conditions.
In the United States, children are generally not screened for celiac disease. In countries where celiac disease is more common, children are routinely screened for the disease. For example, in Italy, children are screened for celiac disease by age 6. The Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research recommends the following:
Screening for celiac disease involves testing for the antibodies to gluten. This is done by testing a blood sample for 3 specific antibodies: antigliadin, anti-endomysium, and antireticulin.
There is a test available that may eventually become the test used to screen large populations. It is a blood test that detects an antigen called tissue transglutaminase (tTG).
Celiac disease. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114570/Celiac-disease. Updated September 14, 2016. Accessed October 3, 2016.
Celiac disease (gluten enteropathy). Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/gastrointestinal-disorders/malabsorption-syndromes/celiac-disease. Updated May 2014. Accessed December 31, 2015.
Last reviewed December 2015 by Daus Mahnke, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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