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There are no specific guidelines for preventing or reducing your risk of glaucoma.

Early detection and treatment of glaucoma, before it causes major vision loss, is the best way to control the disease. Since vision loss is gradual and usually only affects the peripheral vision at first, most patients don't notice any visual changes until significant damage has been done.

You should have your eyes examined regularly by an eye care specialist, especially if you are at high risk for glaucoma. (Refer to the screening for recommendations on frequency.) Remember, you might have glaucoma right now and not know it. If left untreated, you can have permanent vision loss. Regularly get a comprehensive eye examination.

References:

Fleming C, Whitlock EP, et al. Screening for primary open-angle glaucoma in the primary care setting: an update for the US preventive services task force. Ann Fam Med. 2005;3:167.

The Glaucoma Foundation website. Available at: http://www.glaucomafoundation.org.



Last reviewed May 2014 by Michael Woods, MD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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