The management of glaucoma depends on the type, the underlying cause, and the severity of the disease. Treatment may involve medications in the form of eye drops or oral medictions, laser procedures, or surgery.
Glaucoma cannot be cured. The focus and goal of treatment is to control the disease and prevent or slow any further visual damage from occurring.
Numerous studies have shown that lowering the pressure inside the eye (intraocular pressure) decreases the risk of glaucoma progression. Just how much to lower the pressure and exactly how to do it is different for everyone. In some cases, you and your doctor may decide against treatment and opt to monitor your eyes for disease progression. If your doctor prescribes treatment, it is important that you follow the regimen as closely as possible.
Treatment involves the following:
Angle-closure glaucoma. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 25, 2016. Accessed March 1, 2016.
Facts about glaucoma. National Eye Institute website. Available at: https://nei.nih.gov/health/glaucoma/glaucoma_facts. Accessed March 1, 2016.
Glaucoma treatment. American Academy of Ophthalmology website. Available at: http://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/glaucoma-treatment. Updated January 10, 2015. Accessed March 1, 2016.
Open-angle glaucoma. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 25, 2016. Accessed March 1, 2016.
Weinreb RN, Khaw PT. Primary open-angle glaucoma. Lancet. 2004;363(9422):1711-1720.
What is glaucoma? American Academy of Ophthalmology website. Available at: http://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/what-is-glaucoma. Updated January 10, 2015. Accessed March 1, 2016.
What is glaucoma? Glaucoma Research Foundation website. Available at: http://www.glaucoma.org/glaucoma. Accessed March 1, 2016.
Last reviewed March 2016 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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