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The goal of treating hypertension is to reduce and maintain your blood pressure to within your desired range while minimizing side effects. Monitoring and maintaining blood pressure within specific limits will help to reduce the risk of blood vessel damage which can lead to complications, such as:

Management of hypertension involves a combination of lifestyle changes and medications. If you have any underlying conditions, such as diabetes or high cholesterol, they will need to be managed as well.

Treatment may need to be adjusted throughout your lifetime. Maintain contact with your medical team, adhere to treatment, and go to any scheduled appointments to keep your treatment on track.

Treatment involves the following:

Lifestyle changes
Medications
Alternative and complementary therapies

References:

Prevention and treatment of high blood pressure. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HighBloodPressure/PreventionTreatmentofHighBloodPressure/Prevention-Treatment-of-High-Blood-Pressure_UCM_002054_Article.jsp. Updated June 6, 2012. Accessed February 28, 2014.

How is high blood pressure treated? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hbp/treatment.html. Updated August 2, 2012. Accessed February 28, 2014.

Hypertension. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 12, 2014. Accessed February 28, 2014.



Last reviewed September 2013 by Michael J. Fucci, DO

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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