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The primary goal is to lower your overall risk of heart disease and stroke by getting your lipid levels to an ideal range. Your ideal range will depend on your overall health and other potential heart disease risk factors. Goals may include lowering the bad LDL cholesterol levels, reducing triglyceride levels, and/or raising the good HDL cholesterol levels.

Lipid levels can be affected by lifestyle choices. Treatment may include include weight loss, exercise, and healthy eating. Medication may also be used to help manage levels that do not respond to lifestyle changes.

Treatment may need to be adjusted throughout your lifetime. Maintain contact with your medical team, adhere to treatment, and go to any scheduled appointments to keep your treatment on track.

Treatment involves the following:

Lifestyle changes
Medications
Alternative and complementary therapies

References:

Hypercholesterolemia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated November 20, 2013. Accessed January 13, 2014.

Hypertriglyceridemia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated November 20, 2013. Accessed January 13, 2014.

Prevention and treatment of high cholesterol. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Cholesterol/PreventionTreatmentofHighCholesterol/Prevention-and-Treatment-of-High-Cholesterol_UCM_001215_Article.jsp. Updated May 1, 2013. Accessed January 13, 2014.

How is high blood cholesterol treated? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hbc/treatment.html. Updated September 19, 2012. Accessed January 13, 2014.

Pejic RN, Lee DT. Hypertriglyceridemia. JABFM. 2006;19:310-316.



Last reviewed March 2014 by Marcin Chwistek, MD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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