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There are a few things you can do to reduce your risk of prostate cancer:

Eat a Healthful Diet

Studies have found an association between diets high in fat and an increased risk of prostate cancer. Also, eating foods rich in lycopene seems to lower a man’s risk of prostate cancer. Lycopene is a phytochemical that is found in certain fruits and vegetables , like grapefruits and tomatoes. Also, lycopene supplements are available at drug and health food stores, but their efficacy is uncertain.

Exercise Regularly

Exercising regularly may reduce your risk of prostate cancer. Choose exercises you enjoy and make them a regular part of your day. Strive to maintain an exercise program that keeps you fit and at a healthy weight. For many people, this includes walking or participating in another aerobic activity for 30 minutes per day most days of the week. Check with your doctor before starting any exercise program.

Talk to Your Doctor About Medication

Daily aspirin therapy and 5-alpha reductase inhibitors may reduce your risk of prostate cancer. Talk to your doctor about your options.


Prostate cancer. American Cancer Society website. Available at: Accessed October 2, 2015.

Prostate cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated September 2, 2015. Accessed October 2, 2015.

Prostate cancer. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: Updated November 2013. Accessed October 2, 2015.

1/13/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance. Lippman SM, Klein EA, Goodman PJ, et al. Effect of selenium and vitamin E on risk of prostate cancer and other cancers: the Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial (SELECT). JAMA. 2009;301(1):39-51.

Last reviewed September 2015 by Mohei Abouzied, MD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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