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Scoliosis is monitored regularly and carefully to evaluate progression of the curvature. The treatment and management of scoliosis may involve bracing or surgery. Treatment is usually reserved for curvatures greater than 20°-25°, while surgery is usually recommended for curvatures greater than 40°-50°.

The goals of treatment for scoliosis include:

  • Stopping the progression of scoliosis
  • The possibility of lessening the curve with surgery
  • Avoidance of complications in adulthood, such as lung disease due to restriction of a deformed chest cavity

Treatment involves the following:

Surgery
Other treatments—braces or casting

At this time, there are no medications for the treatment of scoliosis.

References:

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T116647/Adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis. Updated March 18, 2017. Accessed May 16, 2017.

Congenital scoliosis and kyphosis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T908760/Congenital-scoliosis-and-kyphosis. Updated January 19, 2016. Accessed May 16, 2017.

Idiopathic scoliosis in children and adolescents. Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons website. Available at: http://orthoinfo.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00353. Updated March 2015. Accessed May 16, 2017.

Infantile and juvenile idiopathic scoliosis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T908759/Infantile-and-juvenile-idiopathic-scoliosis. Updated July 13, 2016. Accessed May 16, 2017.

Questions and answers about scoliosis in children and adolescents. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Scoliosis/default.asp. Updated December 2015. Accessed May 16, 2017.

What is scoliosis? Fast facts: An easy-to-read series of publications for the public. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Scoliosis/scoliosis_ff.asp. Updated November 2014. Accessed May 16, 2017.



Last reviewed May 2017 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Michael Woods, MD, FAAP

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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