The goal of treatment is to remove as much of the cancer as possible, while preserving testicular function. Surgery is the main treatment for both types of testicular cancer. Other treatments, such as chemo- or radiation therapy may be used to help prevent the spread or recurrence of cancer. The treatment plan will often include a combination of approaches based on the characteristics of the cancer, patient's age, general health, and prognosis. Comfort measures can be provided if testicular cancer is in advanced stages.
If properly treated and detected early, testicular cancer is one of the least dangerous cancers. Over 95% of all cases can be cured.
Some forms of treatment may affect your fertility. If you plan on having children, talk to your doctor before starting treatment. You may be able to have your semen frozen for possible future use.
It is likely you will have a healthcare team that is made up of doctors, surgeons, nurses, pharmacists, and other health professionals. It is important to maintain contact with your medical team, adhere to recommended treatment, and go to any recommended appointments for best outcomes possible.
Testicular cancer treatment includes:
Testicular cancer. American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003142-pdf.pdf. Accessed September 8, 2016.
Testicular cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 12, 2016. Accessed September 8, 2016.
Testicular cancer. Merck Manual Professional Version. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/genitourinary-disorders/genitourinary-cancer/testicular-cancer. Updated November 2013. Accessed September 8, 2016.
Last reviewed September 2016 by Mohei Abouzied, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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