Mastalgia is breast pain. There are two types of mastalgia: cyclic and noncyclic. Cyclical breast pain is most often associated with menstrual periods. Noncyclical breast pain is not related to the menstrual cycle.
Mastalgia can be caused by:
Risk factors include:
Cervical Nerve Roots
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Symptoms of mastalgia may include pain in the breast area. Pain may be mild or severe. It may occur in both breasts or just one. It may be painful only in one spot or all over the breast.
Call your doctor right away if you have any signs of infection, such as redness, tenderness, fever, or chills.
Call your doctor if you notice any other changes in your breasts, such as:
Call your doctor if your breast pain persists, interferes with your daily routine, or is in one specific area of your breast.
If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. The diagnosis is most often done with history of pain and physical exam.
Your doctor may order further testing to look for any suspicious changes. These tests may include:
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. If an underlying cause is found, treatment will be based on that (eg, antibiotics for an infection). General treatment options include:
Topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) may reduce the pain associated with mastalgia. Danazol and other prescription medicines may be prescribed to help reduce cyclical mastalgia.
If you are taking hormones (eg, estrogen, progesterone), your doctor may make changes to your medicines to reduce pain.
Your doctor may suggest some changes depending on the cause of your breast pain. These might include:
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
Office on Women's Health
Canadian Women's Health Network
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada
Mastalgia. DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/ . Updated August 1, 2012. Accessed October 9, 2012.
Mastalgia (breast pain). The Ohio State University Medical Center website. Available at: http://medicalcenter.osu.edu/patientcare/healthcare_services/breast_health/common_breast_conditions/mastalgia/Pages/index.aspx . Accessed October 9, 2012.
Last reviewed October 2012 by Andrea Chisholm, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © 2012 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.
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