Chondrosarcoma is a type of cancer. It grows in cartilage cells in the body. Cartilage is connective tissue.
This cancer is typically found in the cartilage cells of the femur, arm, pelvis, knee, and spine. Rarely, the ribs and other areas may also be affected.
Cancer occurs when cells in the body divide without control or order. If cells keep dividing uncontrollably, a mass of tissue forms. This is called a growth or tumor. The term cancer refers to malignant tumors. They can invade nearby tissue and spread to other parts of the body.
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Certain factors seem to be common among individuals who develop chondrosarcoma. These include:
The most common symptoms of chondrosarcoma include:
You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
You may need tests of your bodily fluids and tissue. This can be done with:
You may need to have pictures taken of your bodily structures. This can be done with:
Treatment can vary based on your age, overall health, and stage of the disease. Talk with your doctor about the best plan for you. Treatment options include:
Surgery is the most effective way to remove the tumor. It is more effective than chemotherapy and radiation. Physical therapy may be used to help the area heal after surgery.
High energy x-rays may be used to target and kill cancer cells.
Drugs that kill tumor cells may be used. The use of chemotherapy may depend on the type of chondrosarcoma that you have.
Children's Hospital Boston
National Cancer Institute
Chow WA. Update on chondrosarcomas. Curr. Opin. Oncol. 2007;19:371-376.
DeGroot H. Chondrosarcoma. Bonetumor.org website. Available at: http://www.bonetumor.org/tumors/pages/page39.html. Accessed June 18, 2015.
Lewis VO. What’s new in musculoskeletal oncology. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2007;89:1399-1407.
What is chondrosarcoma? The Liddy Shriver Sarcoma Initiative website. Available at: http://sarcomahelp.org/chondrosarcoma.html. Updated October 2012. Accessed June 18, 2015.
Last reviewed June 2015 by Mohei Abouzied, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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