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A risk factor is something that increases your chances of getting a disease or condition. It is possible to develop multiple myeloma with or without the risk factors listed below. However, the more risk factors you have, the greater your likelihood of developing multiple myeloma. If you have a number of risk factors, ask your doctor what you can do to reduce your risk.
Factors that may increase your risk of multiple myeloma include:
General information about plasma cell neoplasms. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: https://www.cancer.gov/types/myeloma/patient/myeloma-treatment-pdq. Updated August 5, 2016. Accessed March 16, 2017.
Multiple myeloma. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T116888/Multiple-myeloma. Updated November 21, 2016. Accessed March 16, 2017.
Multiple myeloma. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/hematology-and-oncology/plasma-cell-disorders/multiple-myeloma. Updated September 2016. Accessed March 16, 2017.
Myeloma. Leukemia & Lymphoma Society website. Available at: http://www.lls.org/disease-information/myeloma. Accessed March 16, 2017.
Multiple myeloma. American Cancer Society website. Available at: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/multiple-myeloma/causes-risks-prevention/risk-factors.html. Updated January 19, 2016. Accessed March 16, 2017.
Last reviewed March 2017 by Mohei Abouzied, MD, FACP
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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