Hypovolemia is a low level of fluid in the body. Lower levels of blood make it difficult to get nutrients and oxygen to the entire body. Hypovolemia will affect the entire body but certain organs are at higher risk of damage. Organs that are very active like the heart, kidney, brain, and liver may be affected the most.
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This condition is serious. It requires immediate care.
Hypovolemia may be caused by:
Factors that increase your baby’s risk of getting hypovolemia include:
Symptoms may include:
You will be asked about your baby’s symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Your doctor may check your baby’s blood flow by putting pressure on a nail bed.
Talk with your baby’s doctor about the best treatment plan.
Your baby may have:
Your baby’s legs may also be elevated. This will increase the amount of blood going to the heart and brain.
Additional treatment will depend on the cause of hypovolemia:
Healthy Children—American Academy of Pediatrics
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
Caring for Kids—Canadian Pediatric Society
Sick Kids—The Hospital for Sick Children
Day R, Paul P, Williams B. Textbook of Canadian Medical-Surgical Nursing. 2nd ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2009. Available at: http://books.google.com/books?id=SB_-CRXvZPYC&dq=hypovolemic+shock+risk+factors&source=gbs_navlinks_s. Accessed September 25, 2017.
Dehydration and hypovolemia in infants and children. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T904583/Dehydration-and-hypovolemia-in-infants-and-children. Updated May 9, 2016. Accessed September 25, 2017.
Last reviewed September 2017 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Kari Kassir, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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