Salmonellosis is an infection with the bacteria salmonella . It is a rod-shaped bacteria that can live in a variety of conditions, including in water, soil, raw meats, raw poultry, eggs, animal feces, insects, and raw seafood.
This condition can be serious in weakened populations, including the elderly and infants. In those cases, it should be treated by a doctor. Rarely, more serious complications can occur, such as endocarditis , bacteremia, and osteomyelitis ,.
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Salmonellosis is caused by ingestion of a strain of the bacteria, Salmonella . After the bacteria is ingested, within 6-48 hours Salmonella will pass through the stomach to the intestine where inflammation occurs and spreads. The main types of Salmonella include:
Factors that increase your risk of getting salmonellosis include:
If you have any of these symptoms, do not assume it is due to salmonellosis. These symptoms may be caused by other, less serious health conditions.
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Your doctor may test your stool or blood to confirm presence of Salmonella bacteria
Over-the-counter medicines or oral rehydration solutions may be used to treat the symptoms of salmonellosis. The symptoms will usually improve on their own within 2-5 days. If symptoms are severe, talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include the following:
To help reduce your chance of getting salmonellosis, take the following steps:
Partnership for Food Safety Education
Canadian Partnership for Consumer Food Safety Education
Public Health Agency of Canada
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Salmonellosis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/divisions/dfbmd/diseases/salmonellosis/ . Updated November 16, 2009. Accessed January 7, 2013.
Last reviewed November 2012 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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