Baptist offers services for neurological and neurosurgical patients with a range of diagnoses including:
Board-certified neurologists and neurosurgeons provide 24-hour coverage for patients at Baptist Medical Center. Treatment options include medical management of neurological disorders including stroke, Alzheimer's Disease and other types of dementia, pain management; and services for sleep disorders.
Neurological surgery is offered for a range of diagnoses related to the brain and spine:
Patients with seizure disorders that are not well controlled may benefit from evaluation via long term video/EEG monitoring. This study, performed over several days in Baptist’s EEG unit, combines video recording to document how seizures affect the patient, and EEG monitoring to record brain activity. Physicians conduct the study to pinpoint the exact location in the brain where seizures originate to fine-tune treatment, including medication selection and dosage.
EEG, or electroencephalogram, is a test that measures the electrical activity of the brain. Electrodes, round metal sensors, are placed on the scalp with an adhesive that will secure the electrodes through daily activities, including sleep. (The adhesive is water-soluble and the patient will need to wash his/her hair at the end of test.) Wires attached to the electrodes are connected to a device that detects the brain's electrical activity and converts it into patterns, recorded as waves, seen on a computer.
By recording both the patient’s behavior and the brain’s activity over several days, physicians are able to provide a definitive diagnosis of epilepsy, differentiate between types of seizures, adjust seizure medications, and determine if a patient can discontinue medication.
For neurosurgical patients, Baptist provides the StealthStation Treon Treatment Guidance System®, technology that allows surgeons to "see" inside the patient's brain even during closed skull procedures.
Prior to intercranial surgery, markers called "fiducials" are placed on the patient's head. The fiducials are small discs, similar in shape to Lifesavers® candy, coated with a compound that allows them to show up on a CT scan or MRI. A scan is then taken with the fiducials in place.
This scan, with the fiducials clearly visible, is loaded into a computer and a three dimensional (3D) model of the head is created for viewing on a computer monitor. During surgery, the scan is displayed on the computer screen. The surgeon touches the center of the fiducials with surgical instruments equipped with light-emitting diodes. The system's camera "sees" light from the diodes and transfers a signal to the computer to identify the specific location being touched, matching the patient's anatomy to the computer scan. By matching the scan to the real anatomy, the surgeon can track instrumentation in the operative field.
Baptist offers the CyberKnife® Stereotactic Radiosurgery System in its arsenal of highly advanced treatment options, providing "knifeless" surgery for the brain, spine and anywhere in the body.
Neurosurgical conditions that might benefit from CyberKnife radiosurgery include:
An EEG records the electrical activity of the brain. EEGs assist physicians in the diagnosis of a variety of neurological problems, from common headaches and dizziness to seizure disorders, strokes and degenerative brain disease. It can also assist physicians in determining irreversible brain death.
An EMG is the study of muscles which is helpful in diagnosing various muscle diseases including inflammmatory and degenerative disorders. EMGs are also helpful in detecting nerve damage to the muscles.
An ENG is the study of the vestibular function of the eighth cranial nerves along with their central connections. ENGs are used to test the integrity of a number of CNS pathways, as well as to evaluate for the presence of vestibular lesions.
An EP study records the electrical activity from the brian, spinal nerves, or sensory receptors in response to specific external stimulation. EPs are helpful in evaluating a number of neurological problems including CNS injuries, acoustic neuromas, optic neuritis, neuromuscular disorders and lesions in the cerebral cortex, spinal cord, brainstem and thalamas.
NCVs evaluate the health of the peripheral nerve by recording how fast an electrical impulse travels through it. NCVs are helpful in evaluating a number of neurological problems including peripheral neuropathy, carpal tunnel syndrome and work injuries.
Alzheimer's Association Brain Injury Association of America National Multiple Sclerosis Society National Stroke Association
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